Cotton Seed Planting Information
You will need:
Cotton planting seed*
Prepared outside flower bed or garden area
Compost or humus
Garden tools (rack, shovel, weed hoe)
Lawn sprinkler and garden or soaker hose
- When tillable, work the soil to 1-2 inches deep to eliminate weeds.
- One inch of compost or humus may be incorporated into the soil. This supplement is a source of nitrogen, potassium and trace minerals needed to produce a strong plant.
- Create rows and furrows by dragging a garden hoe in a straight line the length and width of the garden.
- From the center of each row measure 30 inches, with a furrow as deep as the row in high.
- Pre-irrigate or moisten the soil to establish deep soil moisture.
- Check the soil temperature, using a soil thermometer. Soil should be 58-60 degree at 6 inches deep for three consecutive days at 8 AM in the spring (after all threat of frost has passed).
- Plant seeds in moist soil, in groups of three seeds, 1 inch deep and 4 inches apart.
- Firm soil around the seeds and leave 1 inch of loose fine dirt above the seeds.
- Allow 15 days for emergence.
- No additional water should be necessary.
- The first irrigation should begin 4-5 weeks after emergence.
- Continue to deliver water to the small plants through the summer months. In hot, dry climates this requires irrigation every 8-16 days.
- Once the plants no longer receive water (16-18 weeks from planting) they will naturally begin to dry and shed their leaves, and the bolls will split open allowing the fiber to dry.
- The cotton is ready for harvest when all of the bolls have cracked open and the cotton is a ball of fluff.